Green technology has been life-changing in so many areas of our lives. Within the construction industry, it focuses on ensuring that when construction occurs the building is highly sustainable and environmentally friendly. It can also ensure that the construction process saves on the resources used in the building’s life cycle. The life cycle of a building includes the planning process, the design, the construction, maintenance, and operations. The materials used, the design made and renovations made to apply the principle of green technology to ensure that the best result is achieved. Therefore, the benefits of green technology to the construction world is immense.
The use of green technology can have the effect of reducing the costs of maintaining a building by a great deal. Although the construction cost of a building incorporating green technology may be high due to the relatively new technology, it does save on recurrent expenditures for sustaining the building. Recurrent expenditure includes the cost of electricity that is reduced by a great margin when solar panels are installed. Solar panels installation may reduce electricity consumption by approximately 70%.
The use of proper natural ventilation reduces the cost of installing HVAC systems to control the air temperature and air flow. Green technology often uses naturally occurring means to reduce certain costs. Some of these costs may occur from the way the building is constructed that changes the natural climate inside, hence requiring the use of systems that help to adjust the climate to fit human habitation. Green technology can eliminate the need to use such systems, thus reducing some of the installation costs of systems such as HVAC and reduce the cost associated with their maintenance and operation through the use of electricity. Other indirect costs include costs associated with negatively impacting the environment and causing global warming.
Preservation of the Environment
While reducing costs is one of the primary achievements and objectives of green technology, it also serves to ensure that the environment is preserved. Environmental preservation entails using materials and systems that reduce any negative impact to the environment both in and around the building. Installing solar panels is one of the systems that can reduce environmental degradation. Installation of solar panels ensures that the building relies on natural energy. The use of solar panels reduces the need for backup generators that use diesel and emit poisonous gases.
Some buildings also utilize design expertise to ensure that the airflow within the building is not interrupted. Therefore, the need to install HVAC systems that at times affect the overall climate is eliminated and the natural airflow is felt inside the building. Environmental preservation consists of:
- Reduced carbon footprint
- Reduced waste
- Water conservation
- Reduced energy consumption
Green technology demands a lot of expertise during the construction of and in continued maintenance of buildings. While it reduces employment in some sectors, it creates a host of jobs that people can specialize in and find employment. New solutions are also coming in the green technology world and it requires a new breed of experts to fill those shoes. Those who take the opportunity to innovate and grow their expertise in the field may find employment. There are several technical experts required in this field and they include:
- Engineers specializing in Environmental health
- Experts on solar energy
- Lighting experts
The government has recognized the need for green solutions in every sector of the economy. Therefore, it encourages people to adopt these solutions as well as demand them when necessary. Although the government may have a minimum requirement, they also reward those who go out of their way to implement green solutions. The construction sector is part of the government effort to implement such solutions and are targeted through the provision of tax incentives to encourage further implementation of green solutions. Sectors that have tax benefits include:
- Use of solar heaters
- Use of Photovoltaic cells
- Windmill installation
- Use of geothermal and hydropower generation